formed at mount sinai. it was actually a nationality before it became a religion.
judaism is the world’s oldest monotheistic religion, dating back nearly 4,000 years. followers of judaism believe in one god who revealed himself through ancient prophets. the history of judaism is essential to understanding the jewish faith, which has a rich heritage of law, culture and tradition.
jewish people believe there’s only one god who has established a covenant—or special agreement—with them. their god communicates to believers through prophets and rewards good deeds while also punishing evil.
most jews (with the exception of a few groups) believe that their messiah hasn’t yet come—but will one day.
jewish people worship in holy places known as synagogues, and their spiritual leaders are called rabbis. the six-pointed star of david is the symbol of judaism.
today, there are about 14 million jews worldwide. most of them live in the united states and israel. traditionally, a person is considered jewish if his or her mother is jewish.
the torah—the first five books of the tanakh—outlines laws for jews to follow. it’s sometimes also referred to as the pentateuch.
founder of judaism
the origins of jewish faith are explained throughout the torah. according to the text, god first revealed himself to a hebrew man named abraham, who became known as the founder of judaism.
jews believe that god made a special covenant with abraham and that he and his descendants were chosen people who would create a great nation.
abraham’s son isaac, and his grandson jacob, also became central figures in ancient jewish history. jacob took the name israel, and his children and future generations became known as israelites.
more than 1,000 years after abraham, the prophet moses led the israelites out of egypt after being enslaved for hundreds of years.
according to scriptures, god revealed his laws, known as the ten commandments, to moses at mt. sinai.
around 1000 b.c., king david ruled the jewish people. his son solomon built the first holy temple in jerusalem, which became the central place of worship for jews.
the kingdom fell apart around 931 b.c., and the jewish people split into two groups: israel in the north and judah in the south.
sometime around 587 b.c., the babylonians destroyed the first temple and sent many jews into exile.
a second temple was built in about 516 b.c. but was eventually destroyed by the romans in 70 a.d.
the destruction of the second temple was significant because jewish people no longer had a primary place to gather, so they shifted their focus to worshipping in local synagogues.
jewish holy books
while the tanakh (which includes the torah) is considered the sacred text of judaism, many other important manuscripts were composed in later years. these offered insights into how the tanakh should be interpreted and documented oral laws that were previously not written down..around 200 a.d., scholars compiled the mishnah—a text that describes and explains the jewish code of law that was previously orally communicated.
later, the talmud, a collection of teachings and commentaries on jewish law, was created. the talmud contains the mishnah and another text known as the gemara (which examines the mishnah). it includes the interpretations of thousands of rabbis and outlines the importance of 613 commandments of jewish law.
the first version of the talmud was finalized around the 3rd century a.d. the second form was completed during the 5th century a.d.
judaism embraces several other written texts and commentaries. one example is the 13 articles of faith, which was written by a jewish philosopher named maimonides.
shabbat is recognized as a day of rest and prayer for jews. it typically begins at sunset on friday and lasts until nightfall on saturday.
observing shabbat can take many forms, depending on the type of judaism that a jewish family may follow. orthodox and conservative jews, for example, may refrain from performing any physical labor, using any electrical device or other prohibited activities.
most observant jews celebrate shabbat by reading or discussing the torah, attending a synagogue or socializing with other jews at shabbat meals.
judaism and persecution
throughout history, jewish people have been persecuted for their religious beliefs. some well-known events include:
1066 granada massacre: on december 30, 1066, a muslim mob stormed the royal palace in granada and killed more than 1,000 jewish families. the group also kidnapped and crucified joseph ibn naghrela, the jewish vizier to the berber king.
israeli – palestinian conflict began in late 19 century when anti semitism and jingoism spread in russia and europe caused zionist movement and jews started to emigrate towards palestine, the main reason were anti jewish programme and targeted riots in 1881 – 1884 russia , after that we seen in 20th century hitller had killed more than 80 lakh jews in gas chambers. very bad things happened with jews people and can anyone give to sorry towards them , no.
in britishers under balfour declaration promised palestine for jewish homeland but got opposed in 1919 by palestinian population, the great arab revolt of the palestine in 1936 palestine did massive revolt against britisher which got chrushed by british till 1939 , finally from uno done a part of palestine- israel . and jerusalem had controlled by uno ,
united nations under the resolution no 181 did partition of palestine and jerusalem was in international control which was about to be governed by un .
a 8 month long war started between arab states and israel which is called 1st arab israel war, form this war 760000 palestinians to emigrate to west bank , gaza and neighbouring arab countries, and due to palestinian and israeli conflict in 1964 was established the palestine liberation organisation ( plo) .
in 1967 , in the six day war israel captured east jerusalem, west bank , gaza strp, and golden hights, again in 1973 , arab states attacked israel but israel successfully countered it , and from 1987 – 1993 palestinian revolt , the first intifada happened in which israel and plo had a secret negotitation for peace but failed , after that plo leader yasser arafat in 1994 started self rule established in jericho village.
after the visit of ariel sharon visit to al aqsa mosque gave birth to 2nd intifada, this is also a holy site for jews and muslims both , al aqsa mosque is also known as haram al sharif , after bombing and suseite bombing israel invilding a west bank and this is also a largest operations , after the new leader of palestine came after that israeli forces who were at gaza strip left after 38 years , after that the story was not stopped but make more conflict starts, in 2007 hamas took charge of gaza strip from abbas’s moderate faction fatah , exasium of hamas after israel threaten again, now in 2014 israel started again a operation in gaza to control hamas , and in 2017 hamas and fatah again sign a recordination pact and the aim is finish a conflict 1 decades old .
according to pact hamas would provide full civilian control of gaza strip to fatah , and conduct a election for palestine control authority, and the process is going till today , this is the overview of israel palestine conflict
judaism was founded in the southern levant, a region of the eastern mediterranean that roughly corresponds to modern-day israel, palestine and jordan.
the name "judaism" comes from the kingdom of judah, which had its capital in jerusalem.
acoording to the hebrew bible, abraham was born in ur kaśdim, which most scholars identify with ur in modern iraq. abraham was then given the land of canaan.
well said mr. pattrick. however, i might humbly add that although as a formal nation they were, as you so eloquently say, founded at sinai, as a concept it originated with abraham at the age of three in ur, the capital of mesopotamia.
b,jcjc actually, yes. shortly after parcel post was introduced in the early 1900s, several parents sent their small children though the mail. this was done with the help of sympathetic postal workers, most commonly over short distances in rural areas. and it was cost effective —in 1913, it cost just 15 cents to mail an 8-month-old baby to his grandmother.before you get any big ideas, though, know that the fun came to an end in 1920 when the postmaster general officially outlawed sending people through the mail. how lame.
judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient hebrews. judaism is characterized by a belief in one transcendent god who revealed himself to abraham, moses, and the hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with scriptures and rabbinic traditions. judaism is the complex phenomenon of a total way of life for the jewish people, comprising theology, law, and innumerable cultural traditions.
judaism was founded in and around the place now known as israel.
the year judaism was founded is unknown, there are only guesses and theories.
judaism was founded three thousand years ago in israel. judaism was founded three thousand years ago in israel.
abraham founded judaism about 3800 years ago.
abraham, isaac, and jacob founded judaism.
abraham founded judaism 3800 years ago.
christianity and judaism
it was founded by abraham
yes it was.
our tradition is that what we call judaism began with abraham, around 1800 bce.
judaism was founded around 1800bc. abraham is the person who founded the religion.
god founded judaism and christianity. judaism was put on earth through the family of abraham, isaac, and jacob.
back when judaism was first founded, all other religions were polytheistic. judaism was monotheistic.
judaism is the religion founded by abraham.
no. judaism is founded upon the belief in one god, who has no physical attributes.
judaism was founded by abraham 3800 years ago. christianity was founded about 1990 years ago, primarily by former jews.
catholicism and judaism were both founded by god directly, and guaranteed by him. all of the rest were founded by individuals with no guarantees from the almighty.
abraham founded judaism. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- judaism was founded through god revelation of torah to prophet moses (peace be upon him) while the prophet was in egypt. some estimate that it was around 1400 bc when prophet moses received the ten commandments.
see these particular questions:where was judaism founded?where was christianity founded?where was islam founded?
tradition holds that abraham founded judaism in israel, around 2000 bce.
tradition holds that judaism was founded around the year 2000 bce by abraham in the land of israel.