a pre fix is a syllable placed in front of a word to add or to change its meaning.
prefix -- meaning -- example
1) anti -- against, opposite -- anti-fungal, antidepressant
2) auto -- self -- autograph, automobile
3) bi -- two -- bicycle, bivalve
4) con -- with -- contact, conform, converse
5) un -- not -- unconvincing, unnatural, unprepared
6) re -- again -- revisit, reenter
7) a, an -- not, without -- amoral, anesthetic, apolitical, asocial
8) ab -- away from -- abduction, abstain, abnormal
9) ambi -- both -- ambidextrous, ambivalent
10) centro, centri -- around, center -- concentric, centrifugal
11) dis -- apart, not -- disengage, discord, discomfort
a suf fix is a set of letters added at the end of a word to make another word or as an inflexion. it can alter the spelling of words when changing the part of speech.
suffix -- meaning -- example
1) -er -- doer -- teacher
2) -able -- able to -- unbelievable
3) -ous -- full of -- dangerous
4) -ness -- state of being -- happiness
5) -ful -- full of -- wonderful
6) -ly or y --like -- gently, wintry
7) -ment --state of -- government
8) -cide -- kill(ing) -- patricide, infanticide, herbicide, suicide
9) -logy -- study field of -- biology , geology, etymology, cardiology
10) -phobia -- exaggerated fear -- photophobia, claustrophobia, agoraphobia
the science of formation of words is called morphology. this word is especially related to biology. but we have word morphology in linguistics as well. there can be 3 parts of a word.
prefix + root + suffix
root is the main part of a word. for example, in the word "enactment," act is the root part, 'en' prefix and 'ment' suffix. to know more visit here.
examples of prefixes:
amoral, anaemic = without; a-, an- = without; amoral, anaemic
de- = off, remove; de-ice ex = out of, former; ex-boyfriend il = not; illegal inter = between; interplanetary post = after; postpone super = above; supersede un = not; unnatural
let's put a prefix to the test in a sentence.
craig was unsatisfied with the level of service he received.he got it at the store.
examples of suffixes :
–en = made of, consisting of; wooden, golden –al = possessing qualities of; remedial, denial –ed = past-tense verbs; travelled, talked
–er, stronger, strongest –tion, strongest –tion, strongest –tion, strongest –tion, strongest –tion, strongest –tion, strongest – -ion = condition, state of being; fulfilment, relationship
–ity = quality of; humility, enormity –less = lacking; hopeless, homeless –ly = characteristic of; brotherly, lovely –s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, s, -es = greater than
e; trenches, apples
consider the following example of a suffix in a sentence:
students will research the current election in government class.
ion is a suffix that means act or process
prefix meaning examples
dis- not, opposite, reverse, away disagree, disappear
ex- out of, away from, lacking, former exhale, explosion
il- not illegal, illogical
im- not, without impossible, improper
a prefix is a group of letters being added to the beginning of a word for example an, anti, dis etc. a suffix is a group of letters being added to the end of a word. for example ant, ful, able etc. a prefix modifies a word whereas a suffix changes a word’s meaning.
a suffix is a group of letters placed after the root of a word.
examples : comfortable, portable, beautiful, greatful, happily, glory, kindness, happiness, etc..
a prefix is a group of letters placed before the root of a word.
examples : decode, decrease, disagree, disappear, explosion, illegal, impossible, react, reappear, etc...
a prefix is a group of letters placed before the root of a word. for example, the word “unhappy” consists of the prefix “un-” [which means “not”] combined with the root (or stem) word “happy”; the word “unhappy” means “not happy.”
de- (decode, decrease)
ex- (example, explosion)
im- (impossible, important)
a suffix is a group of letters placed after the root of a word. for example, the word flavorless consists of the root word “flavor” combined with the suffix “-less” [which means “without”]; the word “flavorless” means “having no flavor.”
-er (bigger, greater)
-est (strongest, tiniest)
-ful (beautiful, grateful)
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prefix meaning example
a- without/not aside, atheist
an- without/not anarchy, anesthesia
anti- against antisocial, anticlimax
ben- good benefit, benevolence
bi- two bicarbonate, biannual
circum- around circumference, circumspection
com- together companion, commaterial
contra- against contradiction, contra-trader
de- opposite decode, decelerate
dis- not dislike, disqualify
em- cause to embrace, embody